Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, commonly called PCOS, is the single most prevalent endocrine-metabolic disorder affecting women of reproductive age worldwide. PCOS is a complex hormonal disorder with many symptoms and potential complications. Whether you are struggling with PCOS or want to learn more about it, this guide can provide valuable insights.
What is PCOS?
The disorder is characterized by hormonal imbalance due to excessive hormone production by the ovaries. In PCOS, high levels of the male hormone androgen are produced. The term "polycystic" refers to the accumulation of tiny fluid-filled sacs along the ovaries frequently observed in patients with the syndrome.
PCOS affects 15% of women in their reproductive years. Premenopausal women can be affected by PCOS at any age following puberty. However, most women are diagnosed in their twenties or thirties when trying to conceive.
Symptoms of PCOS
Common Causes of PCOS
PCOS and Pregnancy
Women suffering from PCOS are at an increased risk of developing pregnancy-related complications. Women diagnosed with PCOS often have high-risk pregnancies due to complications including gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, high blood pressure, and preterm birth.
Management and Treatment
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a complex condition that can be effectively managed with the right approach. If you suspect you have PCOS or have already been diagnosed, it's important to work closely with your healthcare provider to develop a personalized treatment plan that addresses your specific needs.
By making lifestyle changes, taking prescribed medications, and staying informed about PCOS, you can effectively manage its symptoms and improve your quality of life. Remember, PCOS is a manageable condition, and with the right care, you can lead a healthy and fulfilling life.